Kontroversi Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan di Negara Liberal

Alil Rinenggo

Abstract


Pendidikan kewarganegaraan memiliki peran penting dalam membentuk warga negara yang cerdas, perilaku yang baik, serta keterampilan kewarganegaraan. Pada praktiknya, pendidikan kewarganegaraan di negara liberal menimbulkan kontroversi baik dari kalangan masyarakat maupun pemerintah. Tujuan penulisan yaitu untuk mengkaji pendidikan kewarganegaraan di negara liberal. Teknik pengumpulan data bersumber dari artikel jurnal yang ditulis oleh William A. Galston tentang pendidikan kewarganegaraan di negara liberal dan artikel lain untuk memperkuat hasil kajian. Kajian menunjukkan bahwa pendidikan kewarganegaraan di negara liberal memperoleh tanggapan yang negatif dari masyarakat. Mereka berasumsi dengan adanya pendidikan kewarganegaraan justru dapat mengancam hak-hak asasi individu, melanggar hati nurani dan konsepsi cara hidup yang berbeda antara individu ataupun masyarakat. Penulis sepakat dengan gagasan William A. Galston, untuk menyarankan perlu adanya pendidikan kewarganegaraan diterapkan di negara liberal untuk membangun pengetahuan kewarganegaraan, menanamkan nilai-nilai kebajikan, berpartisipasi aktif dalam ranah publik, tanpa mengurangi hak kebebasan individu

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arthur & Davies. (2008). Citizenship education volume 1 fundamental issues- the nature of citzenship education. Sage Publications.

_________. (2008). The SAGE handbook of education for citizenship and democracy (civic education, social justice and critical race theory). Sage Publications.

Bachmueller & Patrick. (1999). Principles and practices of education for democratic citizenship international perspective and projects. ERIC.

Berge, E., B. (2006). Missed opportunities: the IEA’s study of civic education and civic education in post-communist countries. Comparative Education, 42(4), 533-548. Diakses dari https://www.jstor.org/stable/29727804?seq=1#metadata_info_tab_contents

Borhaug, K. (2010). Norwegian civic education - beyond formalism? L’education civique Norvegienne – au –dela du formalisme?. Journal of Social Science Education, 9(1), 66-67. Diakses dari: http://www.jsse.org/index.php/jsse/article/download/503/500/

Çelik, R. (2016). Curriculum elements of a politically liberal education in a developing democracy. Educational Philosophy and Theory, 48(14), 1464–1474.

doi:10.1080/00131857.2016.1160356

Dania, P. (2015). Civic education as a collaborative dimension of social studies education in attainment of political ethics in Nigeria, 6(28), 48-50. Diakses dari: https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1081208.pdf

Fernández, C., & Sundström, M. (2011). Citizenship education and liberalism: a state of the debate analysis 1990-2010. Studies in Philosophy and Education, 30(4), 363-384. doi:10.1007/s11217-011-9237-8

Gainous, J., & Martens, A. M. (2016). Civic education: do liberals do it better?. Journal of Political Ideologies, 21(3), 261-279. doi:10.1080/13569317.2016.1205965

Galston, W. A. (2004). Civic education and political participation. Political Science and Politics, 37(02), 263-266. doi:10.1017/s1049096504004202

Gardin, M. (2016). Building social capital through civic education in VET: a comparative study of Finlandia and Lexembourg (1960-1970). 3(1), 75-89. Diakses dari:

publications.uni.lu/.../Nordic%20Journal%20of%20Educational%20History_VET_Fin.

Giroux, Henry A. (2014). Critical theory and rationality in citizenship education. Boston University.

Lindsrom, L. (2013). Citizenship education from a Swedish perspective. 3(2), 20-27. Diakses dari: http://www.macrothink.org/journal/index.php/jse/article/view/3321/2901

Mattei, P., & Broeks, M. (2016). From multiculturalism to civic integration and integration policies in the Netherlands and England since the 2000s. 10(1), 2-15. Diakses dari: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1468796816676845

Murray & Dirk. (2012). Schools, curriculum and civic education for building democratic citizens. Sense Publishers.

_________. (2013). Civic education and competences for engaging citizens in democracies. Sense Publishers.

Rorty, A., O. (1998). Philosophers on education historical perspectives. London and New York: Routledge.

Ruyter, D.J. de & Miedema, S. (eds.). (2011). Moral education and development. The Netherlands Sense Publishers.

Strandbrink, P. (2017). Civic education and liberal democracy. Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan.

Tobin, K. (2010). Civic education in emerging democracies: lessons from post-communist Poland and Romania. 9(3), 273-288. Diakses dari: journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/1475240910382996

Zed, M. (2004). Metode penelitian kepustakaan. Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 12 times
PDF - 1 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.