Kritikal Review Parenting melalui Pengetahuan Orang Tua, Sikap, dan Praktik terhadap Perkembangan Anak

Puguh Ardianto Iskandar


Sekolah mempunyai tujuan kuat untuk menjalankan pendidikan sebagaimana mestinya. Keterlibatan orang tua sangat bermanfaat bagi sekolah dan juga perkembangan siswa. Keadaan nyata sekarang tak sedikit orang tua yang tidak tahu bahkan kurang peduli pada proses pendidikan anak di sekolah dasar. Temuan mengungkapkan komunikasi orang tua dengan sekolah tidak efektif yang dilandasi perbedaan bahasa dan kurangnya makna bersama tentang orang tua. Hal ini menjadikan perkembangan anak sangat penting melalui keterlibatan orang tua dan guru baik di sekolah maupun di rumah. Studi kritikal review ini menyajikan sebuah analisis parenting melalui pengetahuan orang tua, sikap dan praktik dalam perkembangan anak.  Tinjauan pustaka yang luas dilakukan untuk mendapatkan simpulan berupa proses parenting yang cocok dalam anak khususnya untuk sekolah dasar melalui kajian hasil penelitian ataupun teori dari jurnal. Parenting yang dianalisis bertujuan untuk memberikan kajian yang cocok untuk mengembangkan kemampuan siswa di sekolah dasar.

Full Text:



Ajzen, I., and Fishbein, M. (1980). Understanding Attitudes and Predicting Social Behavior. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Aulia, D. W., & Khafid, M. (2018). Role of Learning Discipline in Mediating The Influence of Parent’s Parenting Towards Student’s Learning Achievement. Journal of Primary Education, 7(2), 155–162.

Barnard, W. M. (2004). Parent involvement in elementary school and educational attainment. Children and Youth Services Review, 26(1), 39–62.

Belcher, H.M., Watkins, K., Johnson, E., and Ialongo, N. (2007). Early Head Start: Factors associated with caregiver knowledge of child development, parenting behavior, and parenting stress. NHSA Dialog: A Research-to-Practice Journal for the Early Intervention Field, 10(1).

Bond, L.A., and Burns, C.E. (2006). Mothers’ beliefs about knowledge, child development, and parenting strategies: Expanding the goals of parenting programs. Journal of Primary Prevention, 27(6).

Bornstein, M.H., and Cote, L.R. (2004). “Who is sitting across from me?” Immigrant mothers’ knowledge of parenting and children’s development. Pediatrics, 114(5).

Cabrera, N.J., Fitzgerald, H.E., Bradley, R.H., and Roggman, L. (2014). The ecology of father-child relationships: An expanded model. Journal of Family Theory and Review, 6(4).

Cannon, and Ginsburg, H. (2008). “Doing the math”: Maternal beliefs about early mathematics versus language learning. Early Education and Development, 19(2).

Đurišić, M., & Bunijevac, M. (2017). Parental involvement as a important factor for successful education. Center for Educational Policy Studies Journal, 7(3), 137–153.

Education, P., & Policy, E. (2018). Parent Education and Family Life. 3(2), 1–6.

El Nokali, N. E., Bachman, H. J., & Votruba-Drzal, E. (2010). Parent involvement and children’s academic and social development in elementary school. Child Development, 81(3), 988–1005.

Ellis, M., Lock, G., & Lummis, G. (2015). Parent-Teacher Interactions: Engaging with Parents and Carers. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 40(5).

Fasina, B., & Fagbeminiyi, F. (2011). The Role of Parents in Early Childhood Education: A Case Study of Ikeja, Lagos State, Nigeria. Type: Double Blind Peer Reviewed International Research Journal Publisher: Global Journals Inc, 11(2).

Fishbein, M., Triandis, H.C., Kanfer, F.H., Becker, M., and Middlestadt, S.E. (2001). Factors influencing behavior and behavior change. Evaluation & the Health Professions, 24(4).

Furrer, C., & Skinner, E. (2003). Sense of relatedness as a factor in children’s academic engagement and performance. Journal of Educational Psychology, 95(1), 148–162.

Grusec, J.E. (2011). Socialization processes in the family: Social and emotional development. Annual Review of Psychology, 62, 243-269.

Hess, C.R., Teti., and Hussey-Gardner. (2004). Self-efficacy and parenting of highrisk infants: The moderating role of parent knowledge of infant development. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 25(4).

Hill, N. E., & Tyson, D. F. (2009). Parental Involvement in Middle School: A Meta-Analytic Assessment of the Strategies That Promote Achievement. Developmental Psychology, 45(3), 740–763.

Huang, K.-Y., Caughy, M.O.B., Genevro, J.L., and Miller, T.L. (2005). Maternal knowledge of child development and quality of parenting among white, African-American and Hispanic mothers. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 26(2).

Jafarov, J. (2015). Factors Affecting Parental Involvement in Education: The Analysis of Literature. Khazar Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 18(4), 35–44.

Jones, T.L., and Prinz, R.J. (2005). Potential roles of parental self-efficacy in parent and child adjustment: A review. Clinical Psychology Review, 25(3).

Josilowski, C. S. (2019). Teachers’ perceptions of the home-school collaboration: Enhancing learning for children with autism. Qualitative Report, 24(12), 3008–3021.

Kaiser, A. P., & Hancock, T. B. (2003). Teaching parents new skills to support their young children’s development. Infants and Young Children, 16(1), 9–21.

Karoly, L.A., Kilburn, M.R., and Cannon, J.S. (2005). Early Childhood Interventions: Proven Results, Future Promise.

Kaukab, S. R. (2016). The Impact of Parent / Family Involment on Student’ Learning Outcome. International Journal of Research Granthaalayah, 4(10), 72–81.

Lee, S., Aos, S., and Pennucci, A. (2015). What Works and What Does Not? Benefit-Cost Findings from the Washington State Institute for Public Policy. Olympia: Washington State Institute for Public Policy.

Lemmer, E. M. (2012). Who’s doing the talking? teacher and parent experiences of parent-teacher conferences. South African Journal of Education, 32(1), 83–96.

Lindberg, E. N., Yıldırım, E., Elvan, Ö., Öztürk, D., & Recepoğlu, S. (2019). Parents’ Educational Expectations: Does It Matter for Academic Success? SDU International Journal of Educational Studies, 6(2), 150–160.

Loughran, S. B. (2008). The Importance Of Teacher/Parent Partnerships: Preparing Pre-Service And In-Service Teachers. Journal of College Teaching & Learning (TLC), 5(8), 35–38.

Morawska, A., Winter, L., and Sanders, M. (2009). Parenting knowledge and its role in the prediction of dysfunctional parenting and disruptive child behaviour. Child: Care, Health and Development, 35(2).

Ndebele, M. (2018). Homework in the foundation phase: Perceptions of principals of eight public primary schools in Johannesburg. South African Journal of Education, 38(2), 3–42.

Okagaki, L., and Bingham, G.E. (2005). Parents’ social cognitions and their parenting behaviors. In T. Luster and L. Okagaki (Eds.), Parenting: An Ecological Perspective (2nd ed.,pp.3-33)

Pavalache-Ilie, M., & Ţîrdia, F.-A. (2015). Parental Involvement and Intrinsic Motivation with Primary School Students. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 187, 607–612.

Ratelle, C. F., Larose, S., Guay, F., & Senécal, C. (2005). Perceptions of parental involvement and support as predictors of college students’ persistence in a science curriculum. Journal of Family Psychology, 19(2), 286–293.

Ray, B. (2017). A Review of research on Homeschooling and what might educators Home-based Education and learner outcomes. Pro-Posições, 28(2 (83)), 85–103.

Rudolph, J., Zimmer-Gembeck, M. J., Shanley, D. C., & Hawkins, R. (2018). Child Sexual Abuse Prevention Opportunities: Parenting, Programs, and the Reduction of Risk. Child Maltreatment, 23(1), 96–106.

Salehi, S., Pate, A., Taghavi, M., & Pooravari, M. (2016). Primary School Teachers and Parents Perception of Peer Bullying Among Children in Iran: A Qualitative Study. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 10(3), 1.

Sari, D. P. (2017). Family Conflict and Harmony of Farmers Family. 2(1), 28–41.

Shelton, K., Frick, P., & Wootton, J. (1996). Clinical-Child-Psych.-1996.-Parenting-Practices. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, Vol. 25, pp. 317–329.

Stefanski, A., Valli, L., & Jacobson, R. (2016). Beyond Involvement and Engagement: The Role of the Family in School-Community Partnerships. School Community Journal, 26(2), 135–160.

Topor, D. A., Keane, S. B., Shelton, T. L., & Calkins, S. D. (2011). Multiple Mediational Analysis. J Prev Interv Community, 38(3), 183–197.

Trotman, M. F. (2001). Involving the African American Parent: Recommendations to Increase the Level of Parent Involvement within African American Families. The Journal of Negro Education, 70(4), 275.

Winter, L., Morawska, A., and Sanders, M. (2012). The Knowledge of Effective Parenting Scale (KEPS): A tool for public health approaches to universal parenting programs. The Journal of Primary Prevention, 33(2).

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 7 times
PDF - 2 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.